Elk Of The World

Are you a Elk Fanatic ?


Here is all the possible elk hunts you have around the world.


Species Detail - Rocky Mountain Elk DESCRIPTION Smaller than the Roosevelt elk, and somewhat lighter in weight than the Manitoba elk although similar in size. Bulls stand about five feet (1.5 m) at the shoulder and average 700 pounds (320 kg). Females average 500-525 pounds (225-240 kg). The antlers are generally longer and slimmer than those of Roosevelt elk, but have greater spread. The coloration is lighter, with less contrast than in Roosevelt elk. HABITAT Summer range is in high mountain meadows and forests. In fall and winter, elk migrate downward in advance of deep winter snows to sheltered lowlands where forage is available. DISTRIBUTION Canada: Rocky Mountain region of southeastern British Columbia and southwestern Alberta. Introduced on the Queen Charlotte Islands off the coast of British Columbia (1929) and in southeastern Ontario (early 1930s). United States: Washington and Oregon east of Interstate 5; and in Idaho, western Montana, Wyoming, southwestern South Dakota, northwestern Nebraska, northeastern Nevada, Utah, western Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico. Limited introductions have been made in the wild in southeastern Oregon, northeastern California, North Dakota, Minnesota, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Texas and Florida. In addition, private herds have been established on fenced ranches in many places, and this is an increasing trend. REMARKS The Rocky Mountain elk is the most numerous variety with the widest distribution, and is the one sought after by most elk hunters. Most hunting is probably done on foot or from four-wheel-drive pickups; however, the classic way to hunt elk is on horseback from a packed-in tent camp and, if one can arrange it, this is the way to go. A high mountain hunt with a good outfitter in a good area during the bugling season can be the experience of a lifetime. During the rut, bulls can be bugled in by a good caller. They can also be stillhunted, or glassed and stalked, or shot at long range. Elk are often hunted in up-and-down country, where shots are either pointblank or 300-500 yards (275-450 m) across a canyon. Elk are large, vital animals; therefore, adequate calibers and strongly constructed bullets should be used and shots should be placed well.

Species Detail - Roosevelt Elk or Wapiti Cervus elaphus roosevelti Wapití de Roosevelt (Sp), Roosevelt Wapiti (G), Wapiti du Roosevelt (F). Named after former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt. Also called Olympic elk after the Olympic Mountains of Washington State. DESCRIPTION The largest North American wapiti, with bulls weighing 700-1,100 pounds (320-500 kg) and cows 580-620 pounds (265-280 kg). Compared with those of the Rocky Mountain elk, the antlers are much more rugged and massive, although generally shorter and with less spread. The fourth (royal) tine can be forked, and the ends of the antlers, which are often webbed or palmate, tend to form a crown or cup of three or more points. The body coloration has more contrast, with the back and sides turning pale fawn in winter, the head, legs and underparts a dark brown, and the neck almost black. HABITAT Dense evergreen rain forests, including mountain forests. DISTRIBUTION Canada: Except for a small herd in the Phillips Arm area, which probably migrated from Vancouver Island, and recently introduced herds near Sechelt and Powell River, the only Roosevelt Elk in British Columbia are the 3,000 to 3,500 members of the subspecies that live on Vancouver Island. United States: Coastal Washington and Oregon, west of Interstate 5; and northwestern California, essentially in Del Norte and Humboldt counties. Introduced (1927) on Afognak and Raspberry islands in the Gulf of Alaska. There was also a free-ranging herd on Santa Rosa Island off California's southern coast, which was introduced about 1910 from Washington's Olympic Peninsula but were exterminated by the United States Park Service along with the mule deer to return the island back to being void of wildlife before man arrived. REMARKS The Roosevelt elk of the Pacific Northwest lives in some of the wettest, most difficult terrain in North America. Hunted mainly by locals who are familiar with the country and the animals, either on foot in the rain-soaked jungles, or from vehicles along the many logging tracks. In recent years, the best trophies have come from Vancouver Island in British Columbia; however, the Olympic Peninsula of Washington also holds some very large bulls, including a protected population in Olympic National Park that resupplies the surrounding area. Some years, many large park bulls are pushed out of the mountains into hunting areas by heavy snowfall. The introduced Afognak and Raspberry islands populations in Alaska live in conditions similar to those of the Pacific Northwest, but their antlers are smaller. Southern California's arid Santa Rosa Island is very different from the Roosevelt elk's natural habitat. Some unusual antler conformations were taken there, and the success rate was high. For record-keeping purposes, the Afognak and Raspberry island populations are treated as indigenous; those from Santa Rosa Island are listed separately.

Species Detail - Tule Elk Cervus elaphus nannodes Also called valley elk or dwarf elk. "Tule" is a local name for either of two large bullrushes that grow in the southwestern United States and adjacent Mexico, and especially in central California where the tule elk is native. DESCRIPTION The smallest American wapiti, lighter in color, and with small antlers that have arched beams and tines and tend to be palmate in larger specimens. Adult bulls average 550 pounds (250 kg), cows 410 pounds (185 kg). HABITAT Open country and semi-desert. DISTRIBUTION Only in California, where they originally occurred in great numbers in the broad, open valleys of the coastal and central parts of the state, where tules were the characteristic native plants. Now in several small herds (especially Cache Creek and Tupman) within the original range, and a larger transplanted population in the Owens Valley, which is outside its original range but considered indigenous for record-keeping purposes. STATUS Tule elk did well until the 1849 gold rush in California, when their numbers crashed because of heavy market hunting and land development. Almost extinct by the late 1860s, when landowner Henry Miller provided the survivors with a refuge. These increased and served as the nucleus of the present healthy population. The tule elk has been out of danger since the late 1930s. Surplus Owens Valley elk were culled through legal hunts held at various times from 1943 to 1964, after which the hunts were discontinued because of opposition from organized anti-hunters. Under the terms of the 1972 Behr bill in the California legislature, 490 elk are to be maintained in the Owens Valley, and no elk may be hunted until at least 2,000 exist in California. This level has been achieved and, beginning in 1988, permits have been available to California residents through drawings. In recent years, tule elk have also been available for hunting from private herds.


Species Detail - Manchurian Wapiti Cervus elaphus xanthopygus Wapiti de Manchuria (Sp), Ussuri Hirsch, Isubra (G), Wapiti de Mandchourie (F). Called isubra, or izyubr maral in Russia. DESCRIPTION (male) Shoulder height 57-59 inches (145-150 cm). Smaller than the Altai wapiti. The summer coat is a vivid red, with the rump patch also reddish and merging with the body color so that it is almost indistinguishable. The winter coat is a uniform, dark grayish-brown, contrasting with the rump patch, which is less red than in summer. The rump patch is very large and divided by a narrow dark stripe. The Manchurian wapiti has a longer and narrower muzzle than other Asian or American wapitis. The antlers are relatively weak, especially in the upper tines. A very good set will have five or six points on a side and measure 35-40 inches (89-102 cm) in beam length. BEHAVIOR The rut is during September, with the calves born May and June. Reportedly does not bugle during the rut. Known to hybridize with sika deer in southeastern Siberia. DISTRIBUTION Russia: Southeastern Siberia in the Amur-Ussuri River region. China: Extreme northeastern Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, eastern Jilin, and eastern Liaoning. North Korea: Hamgiong Mountains. Boundaries with the Altai wapiti to the west are unclear. In addition to the wild populations, about 50,000 of this subspecies are on deer farms in China. TAXONOMIC NOTES Includes the named races bedfordianus (Manchuria), isubra (northern Manchuria), ussuricus (southeastern Siberia), and xanthopygus (northeastern China), with xanthopygus Milne-Edwards, 1867, having priority.

Species Detail - Tian Shan Wapiti or Maral Cervus elaphus songaricus Called Tian Shan maral or Semirechian maral in the former Soviet Union. Wapiti is a Native American name for the species in North America, while maral is the Farsi (Iran) name for red deer, and is used in the former Soviet Union and Mongolia for wapiti. DESCRIPTION (male) Shoulder height as much as 64 inches (163 cm). The Tian Shan wapiti is the largest of the Asian wapitis and grows the finest antlers. It is similar to the American wapiti, although somewhat darker in color and with a longer skull. Overall color is dark brownish-gray, with the head, neck, underparts and legs dark brown with a tinge of red. There is a wide, light-colored ring around the eyes and a narrow white border on the upper lip around the nose. The rump patch is very large and bright reddish-cream in color with a dark brown border, and is divided by a blackish-brown stripe that does not reach the root of the tail. The tail is the same color as the rump, and very short. The antlers are massive and similar in form to those of North American wapitis. The best antlers of record had a 60-inch (152.5 cm) beam length, 8-1/2-inch (21.6 cm) beam circumference, 45-1/2 inch (115.6 cm) inside spread, and carried 19 total points (Rowland Ward, 1909). DISTRIBUTION The Tian Shan mountains of eastern Kyrgyzstan, eastern Kazakhstan and north central Xinjiang, China. The numbers in Xinjiang are estimated to be about 50,000. In addition to the wild populations, there are 4,000-5,000 on deer farms in China.

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